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It’s Carnaval time, but what do you know about the Afoxé groups, symbols of African culture, resistance against racism?
"Also known as the Candomblé de rua, or Candomblé of the street, it is a street procession during Carnaval and a manifestation of Afro–Brazilian heritage with roots in the Yoruba people. Its members are linked to Candomblé temples of worship known as terreiros."
"The term“Afoxé” comes from the Yoruba language. It consists of three terms: “a”, the nominal prefix, “fo”, to say or pronounce, and “xé” which means to realize. According to Antonio Risério, afoxé means that ‘what is stated does happen.‘"
Link includes videos and photos.
The Afoxés & Blocos Afros of Salvador » Bahia, Brazil
"The afoxés and blocos afros of Salvador are closely linked aesthetically, variations upon an African theme, the afoxés as a matter of ancestry and culture, the blocos afros — initially anyway and in the case of Ilê Aiyê certainly still — as an expression of black empowerment inspired in part by the civil rights movement in the United States."
Site includes numerous links to listen to music, photographs, and a robust table of contents to learn about Bahia, Brazil ; music; dance; and activism.
Samba Dancers at Carnival
Above: A dancer (R) of the Imperial Serrano Samba School, the Rio Carnival champion (Group A) poses with a dancer from the Portela Samba School, the champion of the 2017 Rio Carnival (special group), during the Champions' Parade at the Sambadrome in Rio, Brazil. All pics/AFP
The Music of Brazil: Samba and Cultural Expression
"The musics of Brazil are as socially diverse and culturally mixed as its people. Yet, out of this assembly, sambain particular has emerged as a national cultural expression. Its combination of heterogeneous musical and cultural influences has enabled it to symbolise the buoyant diversity of the country itself. Samba is enacted most spectacularly in the Brazilian Carnival celebrations, which have captured the global imagination in its pulsating rhythms, its decadent revelry, its extroverted performativity and its extravagant exhibitionism. In the context of ‘World Music’, samba offers a powerful fusion of rhythm, dance and spectacle and, beyond its popularity on record and in performance, samba has become a staple popular music for parades, processions and even protest marches around the globe."