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Companies and Organizations

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Company Resources


  • There are three main types of resources to find company information:
    • Company information databases - arranged at Purdue in terms of Get Started or Pro Tips for specialized uses.
    • Business news and articles provide key contexts about companies, their competitors, markets, and more.
    • Company websites and their official social media are generally useful but beware of spin.
  • It is much easier to find information about public companies -- listed on stock exchanges -- than private companies.
    • Public companies are required to disclose detailed financial information to the US SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission).
      • 10-K forms are filed annually: audited financial statements, company background, stock performance, and more.
      • 10-Q forms are filed quarterly: unaudited financials statements, an ongoing look at a company's financial position.
      • 8-K forms are filed to announce events relevant to shareholders, for example, a change in CEO.
      • Annual reports are a glitzier version of 10-K forms found on company websites.
    • Private companies do not sell stock to the general public.
      • Their stockholders are usually founders, members of their families, key employees, or a small number of private investors.
      • They have few regulatory disclosure requirements and hesitate to share knowledge that could help competitors.
      • They file limited documents with the IRS and state government agencies.
    • See this video for an overview of differences between public and private companies.
    • See this article for more details about private company disclosure requirements.
  • If you have difficulty finding a company or stock information, check the facts about a corporation's structure, subsidiaries, and brands.
    • Example: Google is a subsidiary of Alphabet Inc. but the stock ticker is GOOG.
    • Example: KFC, Pizza Hut, and Taco Bell are subsidiaries of Yum! Brands - the stock ticker is YUM. 

Pro Tips

    See the Companies - Pro Tips guide covering how to find:
    • Analyst reports
    • Boards and executives
    • Credit ratings
    • Earnings call transcripts
    • Equity pricing
    • ESG scores
    • Filings
    • Financials -- details, ratios, competitors
    • Mergers and acquisitions data
    • Private equity and venture capital data 
    • Subsidiaries and corporate trees
    • Supply chains 
    • SWOT analyses