Data publication is the process of preparing and disseminating research findings to the scientific community. Data preservation includes the actions and procedures required to keep datasets for a period of time and includes data archiving and/or submission to a data repository.
Publishing and preserving your data allows further access to your datasets and is recognized as good practices by researchers and institutions. Datasets can be published as scholarly products, either linked to journal articles or as a standalone data object with scholarly value. When published with a digital object identifier (DOI), datasets can be easily discovered and cited in other reserchers' work, increasing the value and impact of your research, as well as ensure research integrity.
There are times that it might not be possible to publish data; however, it is still important to preserve and archive your data for long-term access.
When preparing data for publication and preservation, it is important to take some things in consideration: