Learning as much as you can about the environment you are working in and the people you are working for will help you understand the problem you are trying to solve. Since face time with clients and stakeholders is precious, learning as much as you can prior to meetings can help you make the most of the time, and get the best information from your personal interactions.
For your project, which of these facets are most important to learn more about? Not all will be applicable. Where will you find information about these topics?
When looking for information on these topics, several strategies can be used to help focus a search: