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Purdue Libraries Civics Education: U.S. Government Organization

This guide provides information on the U.S. Government and Constitution and seeks to provide information for users on how the U.S. Government and Constitution are structured and how individuals can successfully participate in the American governmental pro

United States Government Organization

The U.S. Government has three branches:  Executive, Legislative, and Judicial.  This USA.gov. infographic provides a summarized overview of their responsibilities.

How the U.S. Government is Organized

How the Supreme Court Works

Contact Information for Federal, State, and Local Elected Officials

President Donald J. Trump

Vice-President Michael R. Pence

Presidential Cabinet Members (These officials are appointed by the President and subject to U.S. Senate confirmation (U.S. Constiution Article 2, Section 2) to provide advice to the President on public policy issues)  Additional information on the Executive Branch is here.

Civics Questions & Answers for the Naturalization Test (Courtesy:  U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Services (USCIS)

The Judicial Branch interprets the meaning of laws, applies laws to individual cases, and decides if laws violate the U.S. Constitution.  It consists of the Supreme Court and other federal courts. Established by Article 3 of the U.S. Constitution.

U.S. Supreme Court.  Most important court in the United States.  Consists of nine justices appointed by the President subject to Senate approval for lifetime appointments.  Other federal court judges are also presidentially appointed and subject to Senate approval for lifetime appointments.

The Legislative Branch drafts proposed laws , makes laws, funds government programs, conducts oversight of government program performance,approves or rejects presidential appointments, can declare war, and consists of the House of Representatives and Senate. 

The House of Representatives has 435 members who are elected for two year terms and whose size is determined by the decennial census of population broken down by state.  As of 2019, Indiana has nine U.S. Representatives.  The Senate consists of 100 members elected for six year terms on a rotating basis every two years.  Indiana, like all other states, has two U.S. Senators.  Both the House and Senate have their own rules and procedures for carrying out business.

National Commission on Military, National, and  Public Service.  (Final report issued March 2020)

 

 

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