AMA Manual of Style (10th ed., 2007)
The AMA Manual of Style provides guidelines for all aspects of manuscript preparation, including grammar and punctuation. Section 1, chapter 3, References, contains complete information about how to cite information sources in your paper. Some examples of commonly used references include
- Book—single author (see chapter 1, sections 3.12.1-11 for complete book citation information)
Shepard TH. Catalog of Teratogenic Agents. 7th ed. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press; 1992.
- Book—multiple authors (list all authors if six or fewer, otherwise list first three followed by "et al.")
Baselt RC, Cravey RH. Disposition of Toxic Drugs and Chemicals in Man. 4th ed. Foster City, CA: Chemical Toxicology Institute; 1995.
- Book—with editors
Armitage JO, Antman KH, eds. High-dose Cancer Therapy: Pharmacology, Hematopoietins, Stem Cells. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1995.
- Chapter from a book
Degner LF, McWilliams ME. Challenges in conducting cross-national nursing research. In: Fitzpatrick JJ, Stevenson JS, Polis NS, eds. Nursing Research and its Utilization: International State of the Science. New York, NY: Springer; 1994:211-215.
- Article from journal—single author (see chapter 1, sections 3.11.1-15 for complete journal citation information)
Moldofsky H. Sleep, neuroimmune and neuroendocrine functions in fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. Adv Neuroimmunol. 1995; 5:(1):39-56.
- Article from journal—multiple authors (list all authors if six or fewer, otherwise list first three followed by "et al.")
Raux H, Coulon P, Lafay F, Flamand A. Monoclonal antibodies which recognize the acidic configuration of the rabies glycoprotein at the surface of the virion can be neutralizing. Virology. 1995;210(2):400-408.
- Online journals with volume and page information (see chapter 1, sections 3.15.1-12 for complete online resources citation information. If the article does not have a doi, omit it.)
Simon JA, Hudes ES. Relationship of Ascorbic Acid to Blood Lead Levels. JAMA. 1999;281(24):2289-2293. doi:10.1001/jama.281.24.2289.
- Online journals without volume and page information
Mast CT, DeMuro-Mercon C, Kelly CM, Floyd LE, Ealter EB. The impact of rotavirus gastroenteritis on the family. BMC Pediatrics. 2009;9:11. doi:10.1186/1471-2431-9-11.
- Monographic series
Davidoff RA. Migraine: Manifestations, Pathogenesis, and Management. Philadelphia, Pa: FA Davis; 1995. Contemporary Neurology Series, No. 42.
- Online website
King MW. The Medical Biochemistry Page. http://themedicalbiochemistrypage.org. Updated July 14, 2009. Accessed July 14, 2009.
- Interpersonal communication
The AMA Style Guide requires that personal communications such as conversations, emails and listserv messages, and unpublished interviews be cited parenthetically within the text, rather than in the reference list at the end of the manuscript. See chapter 1, section 3.13.9 for more information.