Index to print and online reference works (encyclopedias, dictionaries, etc.). Provides millions of citations to 20,000 reference works. Citations are linked to Libraries print and electronic holdings.
In the antebellum United States, female abolitionists brought democracy to a higher level by engaging in social reform, including organizing, speaking, and writing. These abolitionists, despite the danger, took part in the most significant program of social reform that included women.
During the Middle Passage, slaves were chained, branded, crowded into disease-infested ships, raped, and sexually abused by crewmembers and, in the New World, by slaveholders and supervisors. In 1839, the British took unilateral action against recalcitrant Portuguese slavers after negotiations failed. By 1850, millions of people were in bondage in the Americas.
Details selected major cities, suburbs, people, places, concepts, contemporary issues, history, and development of urban America. Topics range from problems typically associated with urban life such as crime, pollution, and congestion to the arts and humanities, social concerns, religion, infrastructure, key individuals, and economic issues.
Below is a list of some of the print Reference materials within the collection. These resources cover subjects ranging from history and political science, to science and the arts, all with a focus from the African American perspective.
Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience
DT14 .A37435 1999
African Americans and Popular Culture (Three-volume set)
E185.625 .A384 2008
The African American Encyclopedia (Eight-volume set)
E185 .A253 1993
African American National Biography (Eight-volume set)
E185.96 .A4466 2008
All Music Guide to Hip-Hop: The Definitive Guide to Rap & Hip-Hop 782.421649 AL51 2003
Black Women in America (Three-volume set)
E185.86 .B542 2005
The Harlem Renaissance: A Gale Critical Companion (Three-volume set) PS153.N5 H245 2003
Encyclopedia of African American History: From 1619 to the Present (Eight-volume set)
E185 .E5453 2009
Encyclopedia of the African Diaspora: Origins, Experiences, and Culture(Three-volume set)
DT16.5 .E53 2008